Sustainable Forest Management, Biodiversity and Livelihoods: A good practical guide
It provides a range of case studies and other materials to make the forest sector more biodiversity-friendly, and socially beneficial. It addresses the linkages between forestry, biodiversity, and development / poverty reduction.
Forests are essential for human survival and well-being. They harbour two thirds of all terrestrial animal and plant species. They provide us with food, oxygen, shelter, recreation, and spiritual sustenance, and they are the source for over 5,000 commercially-traded products, ranging from pharmaceuticals to timber and clothing. The biodiversity of forests—the variety of genes, species, and forest ecosystems—underpins these goods and services, and is the basis for long-term forest health and stability. Promoting ways to use forest biodiversity in a sustainable way, and with clear social and economic benefits for the poor, is the purpose of this guide.
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) addresses the conservation and sustainable use of forest biodiversity through a comprehensive programme of work, adopted in 2002 and revised in 2008 (see page 39). Many of the activities of the programme of work promote poverty reduction and creation of sustainable livelihoods. The objectives of the work programme can and should be incorporated into national and regional forest policies and strategies, for the benefit of present and future generations.
This booklet is part of a series of Good Practice Guides produced by the CBD. It provides a range of case studies and other materials to make the forest sector more biodiversity-friendly, and socially beneficial. It addresses the linkages between forestry, biodiversity, and development / poverty reduction. The summaries and examples included in this booklet show how biodiversity and sustainable economic development can go hand in hand. The primary target audiences for the guide are government officers and decision-makers in the various government agencies related to forestry (at global, regional, national and local levels), as well as development practitioners. The materials presented can also be useful to corporate and NGO planners. Much of the experience presented here is the result of work undertaken by members of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF), and readers can find more information on each through the internet links provided and the Resources section (see page 37).
The guide will:
▪ Introduce public decision-makers to some techniques, technologies and procedures that optimize the social and environmental contributions of forestry and minimize negative impacts;
▪ Present good practice examples on the interface between forestry, poverty reduction and biodiversity;
▪ Provide suggestions for the improvement of national and sub-national forest-related policies, strategies, plans and projects that consider poverty reduction and biodiversity;
▪ Provide suggestions for organising forestry training and workshop sessions;
▪ Provide sources and references for more detailed information.