Bus Rapid Transit - Planning Guide
Public transport is a critical means by which citizens can effectively access goods and services across the expanse of today’s cities. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) has been found to be one of the most cost-effective mechanisms for cities to rapidly develop a public transport system that can achieve a full network as well as deliver a rapid and high-quality service. While still in its early years of application, the BRT offers the potential to revolutionise the manner of urban transport.
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a high-quality bus-based transit system that delivers fast, confortable and cost-effective urban mobility through the provision of segregated right-of-way infrastructure, rapid and frequent operations, and excellence in marketing and customer service. BRT essentially emulates the performance and amenity characteristics of a modern rail-based transit system but at a fraction of the cost. A BRT system will typically cost 4 to 20 times less than a tram or light rail transit (LRT) system and 10 to 100 times less than a metro system.
To date, “full BRT” systems encompassing almost all high-quality service features have been developed in Bogotá (Colombia) and Curitiba (Brazil). Other leading developing-nation systems include Guayaquil (Ecuador), Jakarta (Indonesia), and Pereira (Colombia). In the developed world, high-quality systems have been implemented in Brisbane (Australia), Ottawa (Canada), and Rouen (France). In total, approximately 40 cities on six continents have implemented BRT systems, and an even greater amount of systems are either in planning or construction. The elements that constitute the BRT concept include high-quality infrastructure, efficient operations, effective and transparent business and institutional arrangements, sophisticated technology, and excellence in marketing and customer service.
The Rapid Bus Transit Planning Guide details the steps within the six major planning areas for delivering a successful BRT system. These planning areas include: 1. Project preparation; 2. Operational design; 3. Physical design; 4. Integration; 5. Business plan; and 6. Evaluation and implementation.