12 policies to boost innovation, resilience and prosperity in cities
Cities are ripe with sharing opportunities. That's kind of the point of cities, when you think about it. Shared infrastructure, culture, and space are why cities are dynamos of the economy. And when citizens and governments plan a city together, an even more shareable city is possible. Increased innovation, resilience, and prosperity can follow. That's what Mayor Park of Seoul, South Korea, is banking on with his ambitious "Sharing City" initiative.
Below are 12 policy ideas to get behind in your city from Shareable and Sustainable Economies Law Center's just released 40-page guide, "Policies for Shareable Cities: A Sharing Economy Policy Primer for Urban Leaders."
To paraphrase Rachel Botsman, you don't need a car, you need a ride. Enter the rise of access over ownership in the transportation sector. With carsharing, ridesharing, and bikesharing taking hold, old-school public transit systems no longer have to bare so much of the burden of getting people around in cities. Here's some policies that are taking shareable transportation to the next level:
1. DESIGNATED, DISCOUNTED, OR FREE PARKING FOR CARSHARING: Easeful parking is consistently one of the most cited incentives by folks who share cars. They know they are special and they appreciate it when cities acknowledge their effort.
2. CREATE ECONOMIC INCENTIVES FOR RIDESHARING: Sometimes cities need to wave a couple of carrots in order to get people to follow along. Ridesharing is one of those instances. To overcome the presupposed inconveniences of the practice, economic incentives could be implemented, including high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, discounted parking, and reduced tolls.
3. ADOPT A CITY-WIDE PUBLIC BIKESHARING PROGRAM: Quite a few cities have hopped on the bikesharing bandwagon in recent years, and pretty much all of the other cities should, too. When access is noted as the biggest barrier to entry, fall back on the tried-and-true wisdom of Field of Dreams: If you build it, they will come.
Food miles and security are two big issues facing cities today. How is Big Box Grocer going to feed the people down the line? It's not... not completely, anyway. Local farms, community gardens, CSAs, and their ilk are picking up more and more of the local food slack. Cities can boost public health, build community, save energy, and reduce waste by supporting the local food movement.
4. FINANCIAL INCENTIVES TO ENCOURAGE URBAN AGRICULTURE ON VACANT LOTS:In every vacant lot, there is a community garden waiting to grow. Tax credits for the property owners could go a long way toward developing food sources, economic opportunity, and civic engagement in otherwise blighted areas. "Plus, you get strawberries," to quote urban ag hero Ron Finley.
5. CREATE FOOD-GLEANING CENTERS AND PROGRAMS: The amount of food wasted from farm to grocer to table adds up to about 40 percent of the total. Why not encourage the food producers and distributors to redistribute the not-perfect products to those in need?
6. MOBILE FOOD VENDING: Even though food trucks seem to be taking over some cities, the launching of such a venture is a really big deal. If restrictions were loosened a bit, those mobile vendors might be willing to serve a wider demographic and make food deserts a thing of the past.
Like food, housing is one of the basic necessities of life.